HTML

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HTML

HTML is a mark-up language used to create web pages. It uses tags to identify structural elements in the content, and can be assisted by technologies such as CSS and JavaScript.

HTML is a mark-up language used to create web pages. It uses tags to identify structural elements in the content, and can be assisted by technologies such as CSS and JavaScript.

It is important because it is the standard mark-up language for documents that are designed to be displayed in a web browser.

HTML helps to create structured documents, which makes it easier for browsers to interpret and display the content correctly.

Additionally, HTML can be used to embed programs written in a scripting language such as JavaScript, which affects the behaviour and content of web pages.

There are many different types of HTML, each of which is designed to meet a specific need. The most common types of HTML are:

HTML5:
HTML5 is the fifth and most recent version of the HTML standard. It was published in October 2014, and is currently in draft form.

HTML5 includes a number of new features and enhancements, including the addition of semantic elements, support for multimedia, and better integration with JavaScript.

One of the main goals of HTML5 was to simplify the development of web pages and make it easier for developers to create rich and interactive experiences.

HTML5 is still in draft form, and is not yet supported by all browsers. However, it is slowly gaining traction, and is likely to become the dominant HTML standard in the near future.

XHTML:
XHTML is a version of HTML that was designed to meet the XML standard. It is based on HTML4, and includes many of the same features. However, XHTML is stricter than HTML4 and must be formatted according to the XML standard.

XHTML is not as widely used as HTML5, but it is still popular among developers who want to adhere to the XML standard. It is supported by all major browsers, and can be used to create valid mark-up.

HTML4:
HTML4 is the fourth version of the HTML standard. It was published in December 1999, and is currently in final form.

HTML4 includes a number of features and enhancements, including the addition of semantic elements, support for multimedia, and better integration with JavaScript.

One of the main goals of HTML4 was to simplify the development of web pages and make it easier for developers to create rich and interactive experiences.

HTML4 is still in use today, and is supported by all major browsers.

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